Seahorse Trade Dynamics From Africa To Asia

Seahorses are part of the family Syngnathidae, along with pipefish, pipehorses and seadragons. This family represents marine species that are vulnerable to habitat loss and overexploitation (Vincent et al., 2011). Seahorses belong to the genus, Hippocampus, and have suffered worldwide population declines in recent decades (Evanson et al., 2011). The biology, ecology, and life history (i.e. low population densities, parental care, low fecundity and small home ranges) renders them particularly vulnerable to population declines (Foster and Vincent, 2004) and their shallow coastal habitats (seagrass beds, mangroves, coral reefs) are amongst the most threatened habitats in the world (Vincent et al., 2011).